African architect reaching new heights

Updated 1655 GMT (0055 HKT) February 23, 2017

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(CNN)Created to resemble the canopy of a large tree, which Burkinabe townspeople gather under, these are the design plans for a new structure to be built in London’s Kensington Gardens this June.

Serpentine gallery commissions architects each summer to create their first structure in the UK.

      A quot;new phase of experimentationquot; with architect Francis Kr.
        Tempelhof Interior digital render by Francis Kr.
          Tempelhof aerial view, digital render by Francis Kr.Digital render of plans for Burkina Fasos new House of Parliament.Born in one of Africas poorest countries, architect Dibdo Francis Kr has been slowly changing its landscape with economical, green architecture that uses local labor and provides much-needed technical training for the community.lt;br /gt;Hes been tasked with the grandest of projects - rebuilding the countrys parliament, after it was set ablaze during a violent 2014 uprising which  ousted former president Blaise Compaor and 31 years of dictatorial rule.Still in the planning stages, the architects monumental design involve a stepped garden roof where citizens can exchange new learning on agriculture - 90% of the countrys labor force. Solar shading allows air to freely circulate the interior, lowering the need for artificial cooling systems. lt;br /gt;lt;br /gt;quot;I want it to be a transparent space where people can climb to the top of the roof at anytime. A parliament that is a welcoming place,quot; says Kr. quot;If people value it they will protect it rather than it be the first thing they burn down.quot;Still in the planning stages, the architects monumental design involve a stepped garden roof where citizens can exchange new learning on agriculture - 90% of the countrys labor force. Solar shading allows air to freely circulate the interior, lowering the need for artificial cooling systems. lt;br /gt;lt;br /gt;quot;I want it to be a transparent space where people can climb to the top of the roof at anytime. A parliament that is a welcoming place,quot; says Kr. quot;If people value it they will protect it rather than it be the first thing they burn down.quot;National Assembly Memorial ParkStill in the planning stages, the architect’s monumental design involve a stepped garden roof where citizens can exchange new learning on agriculture – 90% of the country’s labor force. Solar shading allows air to freely circulate the interior, lowering the need for artificial cooling systems.

          “I want it to be a transparent space where people can climb to the top of the roof at anytime. A parliament that is a welcoming place,” says Kéré. “If people value it they will protect it rather than it be the first thing they burn down.”

          Despite being based in Berlin, Kr has designed several schools around his home country often pro bono or for little pay. Unlike their predecessors, which were made of concrete making it difficult for students to concentrate in the heat, Krs schools are well ventilated and made with heat-absorbing earthen bricks. lt;br /gt;lt;br /gt;Located in west of the capital in Burkina Fasos third largest city, Koudougou, the Lyce Schorge high school was completed in 2016. Lycée Schorge Secondary (High) SchoolDespite being based in Berlin, Kéré has designed several schools around his home country often pro bono or for little pay. Unlike their predecessors, which were made of concrete making it difficult for students to concentrate in the heat, Kéré’s schools are well ventilated and made with heat-absorbing earthen bricks.

          Located in west of the capital in Burkina Faso’s third largest city, Koudougou, the Lycée Schorge high school was completed in 2016.

          Wrapping around the Lyce Schorge to offer natural shading is a system of screens cut from  fast-growing wood. quot;It can be 40 degrees in the summer [in Burkina Faso] which lasts eight months,quot; says Kr.lt;br /gt;lt;br /gt;Desert conditions within rural Burkina Faso is taken into account within the architects daring design with young trees planted as quot;a barrier against the Sahara winds.quot;Lycée Schorge Secondary SchoolWrapping around the Lycée Schorge to offer natural shading is a system of screens cut from fast-growing wood. “It can be 40 degrees in the summer [in Burkina Faso] which lasts eight months,” says Kéré.

          Desert conditions within rural Burkina Faso is taken into account within the architect’s daring design with young trees planted as “a barrier against the Sahara winds.”

          Furniture inside the classrooms are made from local hardwoods and leftover materials from construction such as steel cutaways from the roof. Completed in 2007, Dano features Krs trademark overhanging raised roof to reduce the amount of sunlight received. lt;br /gt;Natural ventilation is achieved by means of slits in the suspended ceiling, again reducing the need for artificial air-conditioning. The building earned the BSI Swiss Architectural Award in 2010. Envisioned by the late German theater and film director Christoph Schlingensief, the Opera Villages aim is to redefine Burkina Faso as an epicenter for arts and performance wrapped around a green energy village with housing, classrooms, and medical facilities.  lt;br /gt;lt;br /gt;Schlingensief died in 2010, eight months after construction began. The Centre for Health Care and Social Promotion within the Opera Village opened in 2014 with a budget of 160,000 Euro built by volunteers of the German nonprofit GrnHelme  (Green Helmets) as well as locals. Kr undertook the project pro bono.Opera Village ClinicEnvisioned by the late German theater and film director Christoph Schlingensief, the Opera Village’s aim is to redefine Burkina Faso as an epicenter for arts and performance wrapped around a green energy village with housing, classrooms, and medical facilities.

          Schlingensief died in 2010, eight months after construction began. The Centre for Health Care and Social Promotion within the Opera Village opened in 2014 with a budget of 160,000 Euro built by volunteers of the German nonprofit GrünHelme (Green Helmets) as well as locals. Kéré undertook the project pro bono.

          Opened in June 2014, the Surgical Clinic and Health Center in Lo serves a population of over 50,000 people. For the construction, characteristic mud bricks were used with a flying roof. The high thermal mass of the bricks quot;allow them to absorb cool night air and releasing it during the day.quot;quot;Every year we are adding additional clinics,quot; says Kr. Its hoped the center can become a space for German practitioners to collaborate with those within Burkina Faso. His first project, a primary school in his hometown of Gando, was built while still a student in Berlin. To fund it, Kr created an association, Schulbausteine fr Gando.lt;br /gt;lt;br /gt;Frugally created on a budget of less than $30,000 it earned him the prestigious Aga Khan Award for Architecture in 2004 and further extensions to the school bagged the 2009 Global Award for Sustainable Architecture. Gando Primary School, Bukina FasoHis first project, a primary school in his hometown of Gando, was built while still a student in Berlin. To fund it, Kéré created an association, Schulbausteine für Gando.

          Frugally created on a budget of less than $30,000 it earned him the prestigious Aga Khan Award for Architecture in 2004 and further extensions to the school bagged the 2009 Global Award for Sustainable Architecture.

          Former president Barack Obamas step-grandmother founded the Mama Sarah Obama Foundation in Kenya. This phased project funded by the foundation aims to build an early childhood center, elementary, high school, vocational training facility and eventually a hospital all within a single campus in Kogelo, (the birthplace of Obamas father). Its currently in planning stages. lt;br /gt;The architect has more sustainable buildings planned, in Kenya, Sudan, and Mozambique. The first, an educational facility in Gulu, Uganda will house more than a 1,000 students covering 20 hectares of land.Obama Legacy Campus, KenyaFormer president Barack Obama’s step-grandmother founded the Mama Sarah Obama Foundation in Kenya. This phased project funded by the foundation aims to build an early childhood center, elementary, high school, vocational training facility and eventually a hospital all within a single campus in Kogelo, (the birthplace of Obama’s father). It’s currently in planning stages.
          The architect has more sustainable buildings planned, in Kenya, Sudan, and Mozambique. The first, an educational facility in Gulu, Uganda will house more than a 1,000 students covering 20 hectares of land.
          Francis KereFrancis KereFrancis Kere CardFrancis KereFrancis KereFrancis Kere Dano Secondary SchoolFrancis KereAfrican architects Dibdo Francis Kr schoolFrancis KereFrancis Kere GandoFrancis KereDavid Adjaye was tapped to design the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture in Washington, DC. The structure, which is slated for completion 2015, nods to an African aesthetic. The exterior will be made up of aluminum panels coated with bronze, and will employ ornamental techniques once used by former slaves, and developed in African cultures.Adjaye also designed the Mass Extinction Memorial Observatory (MEMO) in Portland, UK. It is a monument to the worlds extinct species. The structures spiraling form is inspired by gastropod fossils. The walls will be carved with images of extinct species.Kunle Adeyemi, the Nigerian-born founder of NLE Architects, made waves last year with the completion of one of his designs: a floating, three-story A-frame school built in Makoko, a slum on the waterfront of Lagos, Nigeria. South African firm SAOTA builds for many of Africas elite. The Cliff House, built on the site of a World War II bunker in Dakar, Senegal, was built as a residence for a Senegalese businessman. Cape Town architect Mokena Makeka was chosen to redesign the Cape Town Station in the lead up to the 2010 World Cup. A proposal for a fully renovated station by 2030 (pictured) is under consideration.In 2012, South African architect Y Tsai won a Loerie Award for converting an old shipping container into a classroom in rural South Africa. The colorful classroom featured an outdoor jungle gym, windows to allow for cross ventilation, a steel roof that can collect rain water, and an outdoor amphitheater for school events. South African architects Nina Cohen and Fiona Garson could very well be in line for some awards this year for renovating a former gas station, car dealership and dental school into the new Wits Art Museum.Zimbabwean architect Mick Pearce often uses nature as inspiration for his designs. When conceiving the cooling system for CH2, a mixed-use building he designed in Melbourne, Australia, he was inspired by the way termites ventilate their nests. African architects David Adjaye Smithsonian Washington DCAfrican Architects David Adjaye MEMOAfrican Architects 4African architects SAOTA cliffhouseAfrican architects Mokena Makeka Cape Town Station 2030African architects Y Tsai container schoolAfrican Architects Nina Cohen and Fiona Garson Wits Art MuseumAfrican Architects Mick Pearce CH2

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