28 February 2015
Last updated at 17:25
The skulls of some of those killed are on display in Rwanda to remind people of the genocide
An inquiry in Rwanda has recommended that the government initiate criminal and civil proceedings against the BBC over a documentary which questioned official accounts of the 1994 genocide.
Inquiry head Martin Ngoga found that the documentary failed to meet the BBC’s own editorial standards.
The BBC says it is extremely disappointed by the findings.
Rwanda suspended broadcasts by the BBC’s Kinyarwanda language service after the TV documentary was aired.
At least 800,000 people died in the genocide over a 100-day period.
The BBC argues that it has a duty to investigate difficult and challenging subjects
Those killed are generally believed to be mostly members of the minority ethnic Tutsi group, and Hutus opposed to the mass slaughter.
The BBC programme Rwanda, The Untold Story, included interviews with US-based researchers who say most of those killed may have been Hutus, killed by members of the then-rebel Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), which has been in power since 1994.
The programme also included interviews with former aides of RPF leader President Paul Kagame, accusing him of plotting to shoot down the presidential plane – the act seen as triggering the slaughter.
He has strenuously denied previous such accusations.
Paul Kagame’s Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) has been in power since the genocide ended
Critics in Rwanda say that the documentary was an attempt to revise the history and facts of the genocide, and disrespected the memory of those who had died.
The BBC has consistently denied that any part of the programme constitutes a “denial of the genocide against the Tutsi”. It has said that it will look closely at the implications of the inquiry recommendations.
- 6 April 1994: President Juvenal Habyarimana is killed when his plane was shot down on returning from peace talks with Tutsi RPF rebels
- 7 April: It is not clear who is behind the shooting but it sparks the systematic mass killing of mainly Tutsis by extremist Hutu militia and military elements
- April-July: An estimated 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus are slaughtered
- RPF denies accusations they killed thousands of Hutus as they marched through the country
- July: RPF captures the capital, Kigali
- July: Two million Hutus flee to Zaire, now DR Congo
A parliamentary resolution in October said the programme’s producer and presenter, as well as those interviewed for the documentary, should be charged with genocide denial – a punishable crime in Rwanda.
The BBC argued around the same time that it had a duty to investigate difficult and challenging subjects and believed the programme was a valuable contribution to the understanding of the tragic history of the country and the region.
The BBC also said several attempts to get the Rwandan government to respond to the allegations for the programme had not been taken up.